North Park, San Diego
North Park¬†is a neighborhood in¬†San Diego,¬†California,¬†USA. It is situated to the northeast of¬†Balboa Park, bounded on the north by the canyons overlooking¬†Mission Valley, on the south by¬†Switzer Canyon¬†and the¬†South Park¬†neighborhood, on the east by¬†Interstate 805¬†and¬†City Heights, and on the west by Florida Canyon and¬†Hillcrest. The pre-Interstate 805 boundary of North Park was widely considered to be 35th Street, which is now part of City Heights.
The North Park sign can be seen at¬†30th Street¬†and University Avenue, and this intersection is often considered to be the heart of the neighborhood. North Park includes the subneighborhoods of Burlingame, Altadena, and the Morley Field area (site of the proposed¬†Dryden Historic District). North Park is part of the¬†53rd congressional district, and San Diego City Council District 3. Todd Gloria was elected as North Park’s council member on November 4, 2008.¬†Residents of North Park are served by a vibrant and active all-volunteer group, the North Park Community Association¬†NPCA. The NPCA hosts free¬†Bird Park Summer Concerts, runs a Stop Graffiti Now! campaign, connects neighbors who have common concerns, and promotes local businesses through its Member Discount Program. North Park’s business community is also served by a¬†business improvement district¬†called¬†North Park Main Street.
Like much of San Diego, in the 2000s North Park has seen significant increases in housing prices. Some in the community believe this is evidence that the community has undergone¬†gentrification, however no comprehensive housing or population study has yet been conducted to confirm this point. Downtown North Park contains the¬†Ray Street Arts District.
As the growth of San Diego eventually caught up with the original Hartley lemon grove, it eventually became roughly bordered by Ray Street to the west, 32nd Street to the east, University Avenue to the north and Dwight Street to the south. Hartley deemed his area “Hartley’s North Park” – and years later, the name evidently stuck as the City of San Diego referred to the new suburb as “North Park.”In the summer of 1893, San Diego merchant Joseph Nash sold 40 acres (16¬†ha) of land northeast of Balboa Park to James Monroe Hartley, who wished to develop a lemon grove. The Hartley family began the arduous process of clearing the land to prepare the earth for the grove, but providing the fledgling trees with proper irrigation was always a problem. Barrels of water had to be hauled from downtown San Diego up a wagon trail that would eventually be called Pershing Drive.
In 1911, Hartley’s eldest son, Jack, and a relative (brother-in-law William Jay Stevens) developed the plot into one of San Diego’s first residential and commercial districts. After first establishing “Stevens & Hartley”, North Park’s first real estate firm, in 1905, Jack and William built North Park’s first “high rise” commercial building, the Stevens building, on the northwest corner of 30th Street and University Avenue (today’s “Western Dental” building) in 1912. “Thirtieth & University” became North Park’s symbolic place name – and within 10 years, this became the heart of the community.
Later in the 1910s, North Park became one of the many San Diego neighborhoods connected by¬†the Class 1 streetcars¬†and an extensive San Diego public transit system that was spurred by thePanama-California Exposition¬†of 1915 and built by¬†John D. Spreckels. These streetcars became a fixture of this neighborhood until their retirement in 1939.
North Park was the site of the crash of¬†PSA Flight 182, California’s deadliest aviation accident to date.
Although North Park 92104 is a neighborhood of mixed architectural styles from many eras, one area of note is the Morley Field area of North Park. Named for its proximity to¬†Balboa Park’s Morley Field Sports Complex, this area is lined with turn-of-the-century¬†Craftsman Bungalows¬†and¬†California Bungalows. Because many of the homes were designed by renowned designer and builder¬†David Owen Dryden, the area is the site of the “Dryden Historic District.” This historical district includes the homes along 28th and Pershing Streets, both bordered on the south by Upas Street and to the north by Landis Street. North Park Dryden Historic District was approved by Historical Resources Board on June 23, 2011 An application for designation of 28th Street and Pershing Avenue from Upas to Landis Streets as a historic district was filed with the City of San Diego Historical Resources Board in May 2007. In September 2008, City staff requested additional information. The Working Group submitted a Supplemental Application in January 2009. The Supplemental Application discusses why the neighborhood reflects significant elements of North Park’s development, justifies the proposed district boundaries and nominates Edward F. Bryans, who built more than a dozen homes in the proposed district, as a Master Builder.
On June 23, 2011, the City’s Historical Resources Board (HRB) approved, by a vote of 8-0, establishment of the North Park Dryden Historic District and also approved Edward F. Bryans as a Master Builder. Of the 136 homes in the District, 104 were approved by the HRB as contributing resources to the District.
Arts, culture and cuisineAs evidenced above, interest in the history of North Park (especially its architecture) appears to be growing. Helping to foster this interest and awareness is the¬†North Park Historical Society, a local volunteer civic organization. The North Park Historical Society manages a website at¬†NorthParkHistory.org¬†which contains many articles about historic sites, people and events; North Park walking tours; and information about committee projects and meeting information. Some of¬†the site’s¬†extensive collection of articles on North Park’s history were written by¬†Donald Covington¬†- historian,¬†Dryden¬†Expert and North Park enthusiast.
Downtown North Park contains the¬†Ray Street Arts District.¬†Ray at Night¬†is a gallery walk held the second Saturday of every month in North Park. It is the largest and longest running art walk in San Diego’s history.An eclectic and diverse array of restaurants, as well as independent coffee shops, can be found along the main arteries of¬†30th Street¬†and University Avenue. The area is also dotted with bars and night clubs that cater to a wide diversity of patrons.
North Park has a¬†Farmers Market¬†every Thursday at the parking lot located at University and 32nd Streets. The Spring/Summer hours are 3pm-sunset, Fall/Winter 2pm-Sunset. They feature over 35 independent vendors; locally grown produce/flowers; gourmet/ethnic foods; arts and crafts; books; and, often, live music.
The San Diego Music Foundation hosts a large musical festival–North Park Music Thing¬†–in the fall on El Cajon Boulevard, which helps add to North Park’s reputation as a great community for the arts in San Diego.
As a tradition every December, North Park holds its annual holiday parade. Formerly known as the North Park Toyland Parade, it is now called the North Park Lions Club Holiday Parade.
Like other urban San Diego communities, North Park has a high rate of pedestrian activity, relative to other regions of San Diego county.
North Park is one of the most diverse communities in San Diego.
- A recent book,¬†North Park: A San Diego Urban Village, has been published by the¬†North Park Historical Society. It recollects the development of the neighborhood from 1896 to 1946, and includes an array of historic photos of the area.
- North Park Calendars are published by the¬†North Park Historical Society.
- The San Diego Uptown News covers North Park and surrounding communities’
- The¬†North Park News¬†is a local publication, delivered free of charge to North Park residents
- North Park Main Street‘s website features¬†Once Upon A Time in North Park¬†articles, submitted by various writers from the¬†North Park Historical Society.
North Park is served by¬†Interstate 805, which is accessible from the University Avenue and El Cajon Boulevard exits.
University Avenue and¬†El Cajon Boulevard¬†are the major east-west thoroughfares in North Park. University Avenue leads west to¬†Hillcrest¬†and east to¬†City Heights¬†and¬†La Mesa. El Cajon Boulevard leads west to Washington Avenue and¬†Mission Hills¬†and continues east to the city of¬†El Cajon. Florida Street connects North Park to Downtown¬†San Diego¬†through Florida Canyon in¬†Balboa Parkto the south, and to Adams Avenue and¬†University Heights¬†to the north.¬†30th Street¬†connects North Park to Adams Avenue and¬†Normal Heights¬†to the north, and to¬†South Park¬†and¬†Golden Hill¬†to the south. Texas Street heads north directly into¬†Mission Valley.
There is substantial bus service (bus routes 1,2,6,7,10,11, and 15 connecting to Downtown San Diego as well as to the transportation hub in¬†Old Town). The busiest bus line corridor in the San Diego metro region, known as the University Avenue transit corridor (bus routes 7 and 10), traverses North Park.
Government and infrastructure
The¬†United States Postal Service¬†operated the North Park Post Office at 3791 Grim Avenue. This post office was closed in July 2011 due to budget cuts in the postal service.
- North Park: A San Diego Urban Village¬†recollects the development of the neighborhood from 1896 to 1946. Copies of this book are available from the¬†North Park Historical Society¬†and online bookstores.